Face is built, in its inner layers, from bone and cartilage which shape it. In upper layers there are muscles needed for functioning and mimics, connective tissue and adipose tissue with layer of skin above them. Changes occur in different layers of tissue during the ageing process. The skin becomes loose some of its flexibility and becomes slack. Fat tissue of face relocates and muscles keeping it in place alter. Those changes become more visible after 40-45 year of life. Then a deep line from nose to mount can occur, skin becomes slack and saggy and slack of adipose tissue under jaw can occur. Wrinkles may appear on face as well.
Some of the changes may undergo different surgical procedures on face or smoothing skin surface procedure or injections. If lesions are determined, in most cases lifting of face may be needed ( also called face lifting) to obtain the required effect.
Traditional face lifting is based on loosening the skin from the subcutaneous fat tissue and fascia, stretching them and then re-stretching the skin.
The method alternative to traditional face lifting non-invasive face lifting. It is a new face surgery technique and it is the least invasive one. Threads help to lift and strengthen the lost volume of face. The procedure is performed under local anaesthesia and foreseen recovery time is quick. Threads can be stretched, removed or replaced to obtain the desired effect.
Mini-lifting during which only skin is removed means that effects is not the same, short term and usually not recommended.
Face lifting is effective in case of lesions on the neck and lower face parts. The skin is stretched from neck to jaw and to temples area. Loose skin around eyes can be corrected by operation of the eyelids and lowered eyebrows and forehead wrinkles can be removed by forehead lifting. The combination of the three procedures often means a full face lifitng. There are scars left after traditional face lifting. They start above the hairline, going around the ear until the hairline behind the ear and stretch towards the back of the head above the hairline.